3 common mistakes to avoid when investing in DeFi

Imagine this: you’ve heard about a hot new DeFi project that everyone is buzzing about. The promises of astronomical gains and revolutionary technology have your heart racing with excitement.

Then, you decided to invest a significant chunk of your hard-earned money without doing much research or understanding the risks involved. 

Fast forward a few weeks, and you find yourself regretting your decision as your investment vanishes into thin air.

Well, stop imagining. I’ve been there multiple times… maybe so you don’t have to.

So, by the end of this guide, you’ll be able to learn from my experience. You’ll better understand what it takes to navigate the complex DeFi landscape and the mistakes to avoid. 

Ready? Let’s dive in. 

Mistake 1: Lack of Research and Due Diligence

Perhaps, the biggest mistake you can make is diving in headfirst without conducting proper research and due diligence. It’s like jumping into a pool without knowing how deep it is or if there are any hidden dangers lurking beneath the surface. 

So, before you even think about investing a single penny, you should know the DeFi project you’re interested in. Start by grasping the fundamental concept of the project: 

  • What problem does it aim to solve? 
  • What innovative technology does it bring to the table? 

This foundational understanding will help you assess whether the project has real-world value and potential.

The success of any DeFi project heavily relies on the people behind it. Take the time to research the project team and their expertise. Look for individuals with a track record of success in the industry, relevant experience, and a solid understanding of blockchain technology. A capable and trustworthy team increases the likelihood of a project’s success and your potential returns.

You should also evaluate the project’s roadmap (see below) and long-term viability. A well-defined roadmap outlines the project’s future plans, milestones, and goals. Look for a clear and realistic roadmap that demonstrates a long-term vision. This will give you confidence that the project has a strategic plan in place and isn’t just short-lived hype.

DeFi projects are not immune to security vulnerabilities and hacks. To protect your investments, you need to also thoroughly assess the project’s security measures.

Look for information about smart contract audits conducted by a reputable Crypto or NFT agency.

These audits help identify and mitigate potential vulnerabilities. A project with a robust security infrastructure and a history of successful audits inspires confidence and reduces the risk of your funds being compromised.

In the fast-paced world of DeFi, reliable information is crucial. Make sure to gather information from trustworthy sources such as official project websites, reputable cryptocurrency news outlets, and well-respected industry influencers. 

Further, pay attention to the community feedback surrounding the project. Engage in discussions on social media platforms, forums, and online communities to gather insights from other investors and users. This collective wisdom can provide valuable perspectives and help you make more informed decisions.

Mistake 2: Ignoring Risk Management Strategies

DeFi investments can be highly volatile. So, without a proper risk management plan in place, you may find yourself exposed to unnecessary risks and potential losses. 

How can you avoid this pitfall? Start by recognizing that your investments can experience significant price fluctuations and market volatility. Prices can skyrocket one day and plummet the next, driven by various factors such as:  

  • Market sentiment, 
  • Regulatory changes, 
  • And technological developments. 

By acknowledging this inherent volatility, you can mentally prepare yourself for the ups and downs. You’ll also better avoid making impulsive decisions based on short-term market movements.

Then, go on to set clear investment goals and define your risk tolerance. 

  • What are you aiming to achieve with your investments? 
  • Are you looking for long-term wealth accumulation or short-term gains? 
  • How much risk are you comfortable taking? 
  • Are you more conservative, seeking stability and moderate returns, or are you willing to take on higher risks for the potential of greater rewards? 

Understanding your goals will help you make informed decisions and choose the right investment strategies that align with your objectives. Also, knowing your risk tolerance will help you select appropriate DeFi projects and allocate your funds accordingly.

Here’s a simple image to help you understand your risk tolerance:

The age-old saying “don’t put all your eggs in one basket” holds true in DeFi investments as well.

Diversification is a key risk management strategy that involves spreading your investments across multiple projects. When you diversify, you can mitigate the impact of any potential losses from a single investment and increase the chances of having some winners in your portfolio.

When diversifying, consider projects with different underlying technologies, use cases, and risk profiles. This way, if one project experiences a setback, your other investments may offset the losses. 

Finally, successful risk management in DeFi requires regular review and adjustment of your investment portfolio. Markets and projects evolve over time. What may have been a promising investment yesterday may not hold the same potential today. So, stay updated with the latest news, monitor the performance of your investments, and be open to reevaluating your portfolio regularly.

Mistake 3: Falling for Scams and Rug Pulls

Rug pulls have always been a menace in DeFi. In fact, it accounted for 37% of crypto scams in 2021. 

Especially in recent months, rug pulls are now almost synonymous with DeFi. I’ve suffered a couple of instances and trust me, it’s not a pleasant experience.

One minute, you’re basking in the joy or maybe the expectation of a 10X portfolio; a few moments later, you’re down to zero.

You don’t want that, of course.

So, how can you safeguard yourself from rug pulls and scams as a whole? 

  • Being able to recognize common DeFi scams is the first line of defence against fraudulent projects.
  • Educate yourself about the different types of scams prevalent in the DeFi space, such as phishing attacks, Ponzi schemes, and fake token offerings.
  • Stay updated with the latest news and be aware of the tactics scammers use to deceive unsuspecting investors.

What’s more, there are several red flags that you should watch out for when considering investing in a DeFi project. One of the most glaring red flags is unrealistic promises of exceptionally high returns with little risk.

Remember, if something sounds too good to be true, it probably is. Scrutinize the project’s whitepaper and marketing materials for any exaggerated claims or lack of substantive information.

You also want to check for the absence of transparency and clear communication from the project team. Legitimate projects usually have an active and engaged team that regularly updates and interacts with the community. If the project lacks transparency and fails to address legitimate concerns and questions, it’s a warning sign that something may be amiss.

Don’t forget to research the backgrounds and expertise of the team members, and verify if their credentials align with the project’s objectives. Look for team members with relevant experience and a track record of successfully delivering on their promises.

Scammers often hide behind anonymity, so projects with transparent and accessible team members inspire more confidence.

Also, look for projects that have undergone thorough code audits by reputable third-party firms. These audits help identify and address potential security vulnerabilities, ensuring that the project is more secure and less prone to hacks.


To wrap it up, we’ve explored the three common mistakes to avoid when investing in decentralized finance (DeFi): neglecting research, ignoring risk management, and falling for scams. By now, you understand the importance of conducting thorough research, setting clear investment goals, and diversifying your portfolio. Equally crucial is staying vigilant against scams and rug pulls, verifying project teams, and assessing code security. 

Remember, informed decisions are the key to successful investments in DeFi. If you’re unsure, don’t hesitate to seek advice from professionals. By avoiding these mistakes and implementing sound strategies, you can unlock the potential benefits that DeFi investments offer. So go ahead, make smart choices, and let your investments thrive.

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